February 27, 2024

Elements Of An Orthodontic Treatment And Their Roles

Elements Of An Orthodontic Treatment And Their Roles

 

In orthodontic treatment, wire arches are used to guide and maintain the position of the teeth. These wires are made from materials resistant to corrosion and have high elastic capacities. They are commonly used in the initial levelling phase of the treatment. These arches contain approximately 55% Ni and 45% Ti with small amounts of Cu. If you are looking for such treatments, you should visit a dental clinic in Khalifa City Abu Dhabi.

Anchorage:

Anchorage is an important part of orthodontic treatment. It serves to keep the jaw bones in their proper position. There are several types of anchorage, including headgear, mini-plates, and mid-palatal implants. While headgear is the most common, there are surgical alternatives as well.

Bisphosphonates:

Bisphosphonates have a variety of potential side effects, making it important to discuss the use of these drugs with your orthodontist before beginning your treatment. Among these side effects is the risk of osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ), which occurs when bone dies and starts to rot. The condition is also a dry socket and can be extremely painful.

PTH:

PTH is a hormone that regulates bone resorption and formation. It acts as a growth factor, increases osteoblast proliferation, and inhibits osteoclast apoptosis. It also promotes bone resorption by increasing osteoclast activity by activating a receptor on osteoclast progenitor cells. Although its exact function is unclear, it has been shown to promote bone remodeling.

Bone resorption:

Bone resorption during orthodontic treatment can be a potentially detrimental effect on patients. The researchers used a mouse model genetically deficient in the CSE enzyme, osteoclasts’ dominant hydrogen sulfide-generating enzyme. Mice were subjected to orthodontic treatment for 8 weeks, and the resorption of the roots was determined with micro-CT and scanning electron microscopy. They also measured the number of osteoclasts.

Tissue changes:

Recent research has shown that the facial soft tissues of adult females change orthodontic treatment. These changes include the development of osteoblasts and osteoclasts. These cells are responsible for bone formation. These cells are produced from stem cells found in the bone marrow. These stem cells migrate into the blood vessels and undergo differentiation into osteoblasts. In addition, the tissues of the dental root and pulp are also altered. Several biomarkers are associated with these changes.